A Study of History of Buddhism and its Contribution to Indian Culture


  • Walmik Kachru Sarwade Dean, faculty of Management Science
  • Babasaheb Ambedkar University Aurangabad Maharashtra,India


King Asoka (ca. 270-232 BCE) converted to Buddhism. He did not make it a state religion, but supported all ethical religions. He organised the spreading of Buddhism throughout India, but also beyond; most importantly to Shri Lanka. This occurred after the Third Council. According to another version (Skilton), the Second Council may have had two parts: initially in Vaisali, some 60 years after the Buddha, and 40 years after that, a meeting in Pataliputra, where Mahadeva maintained five theses on the Arhat. The actual split may have occurred at Pataliputra, not Vaisali over details of the Vinaya. In the non-Theravadin version of events, the Mahasangha followed the original vinaya and the Sthaviravada (the Elders) wanted changes. What exactly happened is unlikely to be ever revealed, but the first split in the Sangha was a fact.


For Hsuan Tsang’s travel narrative, see the translation by Samuel Beal, Si-Yu Ki: Buddhist Records of the Western World (London: Trubner& Co., 1884; reprint ed., Delhi: Oriental Books Re print Corporation).

Vasant Moon, compiler and ed., BabasahebAmbedkar, Writings and Speeches (Bombay: Government of Maharashtra, 1987), Vol.3, pp. 232-33.

S. R. Goyal, A History of Indian Buddhism (Meerut, 1987), p. 394.

Detlef Kantowsky, Buddhists in India Today: Descriptions, Pictures and Documents (Delhi: Manohar, 2003), p. 156.

Padmanabh S. Jaini, “The Disappearance of Buddhism and the Survival of Jainism: A Study in Contrast”, in Studies in History of Buddhism, ed. A. K. Narain (Delhi: B. R. Publishing Co., 1980), pp. 181-91.




How to Cite

Sarwade, W. K. ., & Ambedkar, B. . (2023). A Study of History of Buddhism and its Contribution to Indian Culture. Journal of International Buddhist Studies, 6(1). Retrieved from https://so09.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jibs/article/view/2386